American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products
2021, Vol. 9 Issue 3, Part A
Chemical profiles and brine shrimp toxicity of volatile oils hydrodistilled from stem bark and heartwood of Ceiba pentandra Linn.
AUTHOR(S): Adekemi T Alade, Prabodh Satyal, Sherifat O Aboaba and William N Setzer
ABSTRACT:Ceiba pentandra (Linn.) Gaertn. (Bombacaceae) is an important plant among the family of flowering plants. Ethnobotanical surveys have shown that the extracts from the plant possess significant medicinal properties. Because of the dearth of information on the essential oils (EOs) of the plant, the present study aim to investigate the chemical profile and brine shrimp toxicity of the EOs extracted from its stem bark and heartwood. The oils were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. A total of 28 and 22 constituents were identified in the stem bark and heartwood oils equivalent to 96.7% and 76.8% of the whole EOs respectively. The stem bark oil was dominated by sesquiterpene hydrocarbons principally β-caryophyllene (28.7%), β-elemene (18.5%), α-muurolene (7.8%), and α-humulene (4.2%) while the heartwood oil was dominated by non-terpenes mainly 2-ethoxyacetate (11.3%) and nonanal (7.3%) along with α-eudesmol (21.1%) as the only major oxygenated sesquiterpene. The stem bark and heartwood oils exhibited good brine shrimp lethality with LC50 of 25.9 and 89.8 µg/mL, respectively. The chemical profiles and brine shrimps toxicity of these oils are been reported for the first time.
Pages: 22-26 | 435 Views 57 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Adekemi T Alade, Prabodh Satyal, Sherifat O Aboaba, William N Setzer. Chemical profiles and brine shrimp toxicity of volatile oils hydrodistilled from stem bark and heartwood of Ceiba pentandra Linn.. Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod 2021;9(3):22-26.