2018, Vol. 6 Issue 4, Part A
Pharmacognostical investigation of Curcuma albiflora Thw: A review (Sri Lanka)
AUTHOR(S): Indika Herath, Chandima Wijayasiriwardena, Rakesh Kumar Joshi and Sirimal Premakumara
ABSTRACT:Curcuma is an important genus used in traditional medicine. Due to similar morphological characters of Curcuma rhizomes, adulteration or substitution occurs. But endemic species of C. albiflora has not been studied extensively. Present review was conducted to establish morphological, microscopic, physicochemical, preliminary phytochemical properties. Moreover, TLC fingerprinting, GC-MS, DNA barcoding and pharmacological analysis of C. albiflora was performed. Morphological characters of C. albiflora; 35-50 cm tall, bright green lamina, glabrous both sides, coma bract absent, lower fertile bracts spreading. Microscopically, shapes, sizes, amounts of starch grains per cell, type of stomata, size, shapes and amount of crystals per cell, type of vascular bundles in petiole and midrib anatomy all together is needed to analyze to detect each species. Physicochemical, preliminary phytochemical, TLC finger printing, GC-MS analysis, and pharmacological actions showed differences and similarities which were correlated with the particular chemical compounds of each species. TLC finger printing must be standardized as done in C. longa using curcuminoids. DNA barcoding, matK gene of C. albiflora shows as a distinct group from C. zedoaria. Antioxidant activity of Curcuma species reported were arranged in the decreasing order; C. longa > C. zedoaria > C. aromatica > C. albiflora. Since C. albiflora is a threaten species, plant regeneration of C. albiflora is necessary to save this plant for the next generation.
Pages: 18-26 | 795 Views 35 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Indika Herath, Chandima Wijayasiriwardena, Rakesh Kumar Joshi, Sirimal Premakumara. Pharmacognostical investigation of Curcuma albiflora Thw: A review (Sri Lanka). Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod 2018;6(4):18-26.