American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products
2018, Vol. 6 Issue 3, Part A
Chemical analysis and anti-bacterial effect of essential oils from three different species of Dracocephalum in Iran
AUTHOR(S): Maryam Khodaei, Yaghub Amanzadeh, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi and Morteza Pirali Hamedani
ABSTRACT:Dracocephalum is an herbaceous plant that has been recommended in the Persian traditional medicine for its amazing effects on the nervous system, the Heart, and the digestive system. Perylla aldehyde (PAH) is one of the main constituents of this genus. PAH has a lot of biological effects such as anti-depression, anticancer, antimicrobial and vasodilative effects. In this research, we compared the amount of the PAH in three species of Dracocephalum that grow in Iran to see which of them has the highest amount of PAH and the highest anti-bacterial effects. Our results indicated that D. polychaetum has the highest amount with 90.88% Of PAH in its essential oil also has the highest percentage of essential oil. D. kotschyi has the lowest MIC: 200 µg/ml against positive gram bacteria S. epidermidis. This is the first report of antibacterial activity of D. multicauleae essential oil.
Pages: 31-34 | 1005 Views 29 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Maryam Khodaei, Yaghub Amanzadeh, Mohammad Ali Faramarzi, Morteza Pirali Hamedani. Chemical analysis and anti-bacterial effect of essential oils from three different species of Dracocephalum in Iran. Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod 2018;6(3):31-34.