2017, Vol. 5 Issue 3, Part A
Variability in essential oil compositions of Thymus pulegioides L. and Thymus serpyllum L. growing in the Republic of Belarus
AUTHOR(S): Anastasiya G Buzuk, George N Buzuk, Sergey M Leshev, Vladimir A Vinarsky and Ruslan A Yurchenko
ABSTRACT:The present paper represents the study of chemical variability of the thyme herb (Thymus pulegioides L. and Thymus serpyllum L.) growing wild on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. As a result of GC/MS analysis it was found that the predominant components of the essential oil of Thymus serpyllum L. are caryophyllene oxide (2.0-33%), borneol (3.8-29%), camphor (4.2-28%), β-caryophyllene (1.1-23%), 1,8-cineol (0-23%). The content of thymol and carvacrol was very low (0-3.59% and 0-3.69%, respectively). In contrast, the predominant components of the essential oil of Thymus pulegioides L are carvacrol (15-78%), thymol (0.21-41%), р-cymene (0-26%), carvacrol methyl ether (0-22%), β-caryophyllene (0-20%). Using cluster analysis 5 chemotypes of Thymus serpyllum L. and T. pulegioides L were identified. Among Thymus serpyllum L. chemotypes no thymol/carvacrol chemotype was isolated. On the contrary, all T. pulegioides L. chemotypes contained carvacrol, as a predominant component in the essential oil composition, which makes T. pulegioides L. one of the most perspective species as a source of the crude drug among two species under the study.
Pages: 25-31 | 1348 Views 48 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Anastasiya G Buzuk, George N Buzuk, Sergey M Leshev, Vladimir A Vinarsky, Ruslan A Yurchenko. Variability in essential oil compositions of Thymus pulegioides L. and Thymus serpyllum L. growing in the Republic of Belarus. Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod 2017;5(3):25-31.