American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products
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ISSN: 2321-9114, ICV 2016: 79.57

American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products

2014, Vol. 1 Issue 4, Part A

Extraction and Characterization of Essential Oils from Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray

AUTHOR(S): Chukwuka K.S, Ojo O. M
ABSTRACT:The essential oils associated with the flowers of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray were extracted and characterized via hydrodistillation and Gas Chromatography. Hydrodistillation was done in an all-glass Clevenger-type apparatus. The extracts from the hydrodistillation were subjected to gas chromatography where the components of the essential oils were separated based on their molecular weights, identified and characterized. The study characterized forty-five components (essential oils) and these include: Cymene, Cinnamic aldehyde, Tricyclene, α-Pinene, β-Pinene, Sabinene, Camphene, Limonene, Benzyl alcohol, Cis-ocimene, Myrcene, Allo-ocimene, Pinene-2-ol, α-Thujene, Thymol, Carvacrol, 3-Methoxyacetophenone, γ-Terpinene, Citronellal, Neral, Geranial, Borneol, Citronellol, Linalool, 1, 8-Cineole, α-Terpineol, Terpinen-4-ol, Germacrene D, Thymyl Methl Ether, Linalyl acetate, Borneol acetate, Geranyl acetate, α-Cubebene, β-Caryophyllene, γ-Cardinene, β-Elemene, Germacrene B, α-Caryophyllene, α-Copane, Acetyleugenol, α-Selinene, γ-Muurolene, Elemicin, β-Selinene and Caryophyllene oxide. Out of these, α-pinene, β-caryophyllene, β-pinene, Germacrene D and 1, 8-Cineole were found to be the major constituents with 34.42%, 22.34%, 11.14%, 11.13% and 8.76% respectively.
Pages: 01-05  |  1198 Views  10 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Chukwuka K.S, Ojo O. M. Extraction and Characterization of Essential Oils from Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray. Am J Essent Oil Nat Prod 2014;1(4):01-05.
American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products