American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products
2018, Vol. 6 Issue 4, Part A
Stem volatile oils composition of Ocimum basilicum L. cultivars and Ocimum gratissimum L. from Nigeria
AUTHOR(S): Emmanuel E Essien, Ime R Ekanem, Ekpeno J Nkop and Mohammad I Choudhary
ABSTRACT:The stems essential oils of Ocimum basilicum L. (Napoletano and sweet basil cultivars) and O. gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) were analyzed for composition by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of thirty-four constituents were identified. Estragole (59.6% and 57.4%) dominated the O. basilicum stem oils; β-caryophyllene (13.9%) and β-bisabolene (15.7%) were also prominent components in the sweet basil oil. The main components of O. gratissimum stem oil comprised of β-carophyllene (15.3%), thymol (12.9%) and γ-terpinene (11.7%). Distinct chemical profiles were obtained for the volatile oils of O. basilicum and O. gratissimum species; however the oils of O. basilicum cultivars showed strong chemical similarity.
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How to cite this article:
Emmanuel E Essien, Ime R Ekanem, Ekpeno J Nkop and Mohammad I Choudhary. Stem volatile oils composition of Ocimum basilicum L. cultivars and Ocimum gratissimum L. from Nigeria. American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products. 2018; 6(4): 01-03.