American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products
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ISSN: 2321-9114, ICV 2016: 79.57

American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products

2017, Vol. 5 Issue 1, Part A

Phytoconstituents, traditional medicinal uses and bioactivities of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.): A review

AUTHOR(S): Rakesh Kumar Joshi, William N Setzer and Joyce Kelly da Silva
ABSTRACT:Ocimum sanctum is found throughout India and is cultivated near Hindu houses and temples. The leaves, seeds and root of this plant have been used in Ayurvedic medicine. The chemical composition of Tulsi is highly complex, containing many nutrients and other biological active compounds. Due to its inherent botanical and biochemical complexity, Tulsi standardization has, so far, eluded modern science. Perhaps the best known of many active compounds that have been identified and extracted are eugenol (in the essential oil) and ursolic acid. Many scientific studies have indicated that Ocimum sanctum has anti- stress, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, immunomodulating, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antipyretic, antidiuretic, antidiabetic, antimalarial and hypolipidemic properties with a wide margin of safety. In Ayurvedic medicine, Tulsi is being used either alone or in combination with others in various clinical conditions like anxiety, chronic cough, bronchitis, fever, snake and scorpion bites.
Pages: 18-21  |  912 Views  62 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Rakesh Kumar Joshi, William N Setzer and Joyce Kelly da Silva. Phytoconstituents, traditional medicinal uses and bioactivities of Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn.): A review. American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products. 2017; 5(1): 18-21.